Fidya is an obligatory charitable donation intended to compensate for missed fasts, which is permissible only when one has a valid excuse for not fasting and cannot make up for it at a later time. By contributing your Fidya amount in 2023, you can provide two impoverished people with a meal each or feed someone living in poverty twice.
As mentioned earlier, Fidya payment becomes necessary if someone misses their fast for a valid reason and cannot make up for it later. The following groups of people are allowed to skip their fast and pay Fidya instead:
Fidya 2023 equates to £4 per person per missed fast. So, if a person doesn’t fast for the entirety of Ramadan, they’ll be required to pay £120 in total.
Kaffarah is a term used in Islamic jurisprudence to refer to a penalty or expiation that is required when a Muslim intentionally violates certain religious obligations or prohibitions. Kaffarah is considered a way of making up for the sin committed and seeking forgiveness from Allah.
There are several actions for which kaffarah is prescribed in Islam, including:
Fasting: If someone intentionally breaks their fast during the month of Ramadan without a valid reason, they are required to either fast for 60 consecutive days or feed 60 needy people.
Oaths: If someone intentionally breaks an oath they have made, they are required to either free a slave, or if that is not possible, fast for three consecutive days or feed six needy people for each day missed.
Intentional killing: If someone intentionally kills another person, they are required to either free a slave, or if that is not possible, fast for two consecutive months or feed 60 needy people.
Sexual intercourse during fasting: If someone intentionally engages in sexual intercourse during the daylight hours of Ramadan while fasting, they are required to either fast for 60 consecutive days or feed 60 needy people.
Kaffarah is an important concept in Islam and serves as a means of seeking forgiveness and making amends for one’s wrongdoing.
“[Observing Saum (fasts)] for a fixed number of days, but if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number (should be made up) from other days. And as for those who can fast with difficulty, (e.g. an old man, etc.), they have (a choice either to fast or) to feed a Miskin (poor person) (for every day). But whoever does good of his own accord, it is better for him. And that you fast, it is better for you if only you know.
Sawm represents one of the Five Pillars of Islam, which mandates all capable Muslims who have reached the age of puberty to observe fasting. Hence, those who are unable or choose not to fast must make up for it in some manner.
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