Hajj Guide: Comprehensive Instructions for Performing Hajj

Hajj Guide

The month of Dhul Hijjah marks one of the most important occasions in the Islamic calendar: Hajj. As one of the five pillars of Islam, Hajj draws Muslims from around the globe to Makkah to fulfill this religious duty. Below is an overview of Hajj and all the essential information you need, along with a detailed Hajj guide.

What is Hajj?

Hajj is the sacred pilgrimage required of Muslims who meet the Nisab criteria, to be performed at least once in their lifetime. For those wondering what Hajj entails, it is the period when Muslims converge in Makkah, Saudi Arabia to worship and earn immense rewards through the various rituals outlined in the Hajj Guide.

Hajj starts on the 8th of Dhul Hijjah and lasts for 4 to 6 days, depending on the moon sighting for the 12th month of the Islamic calendar. Muslims from around the world gather to perform Hajj, following the Sunnah of Prophet Ibrahim (AS). This highlights the significance of Hajj for Muslims.

Interesting Facts About Hajj

As we learn about Hajj, there are some interesting facts every Muslim should know:

  • The origins of Hajj date back to long before the time of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.), with the rituals performed during Hajj having historical significance dating back to 2000 BCE.
  • Hajj is the fourth pillar of Islam and is observed in the 12th month of the Islamic calendar.
  • One notable fact about Hajj is that it offers expiation for all the sins of the past year and the year to come, according to Hadith.
  • Hajj always begins on the 8th of Dhul Hijjah.

Hajj Guide 2024 : Step-by-Step

With a basic understanding of what Hajj entails, it’s time to explore the Hajj Guide. You can also download the Hajj Guide PDF for easier access while fulfilling this obligation.

Step 1: Niyyah and Preparation

Before arriving in Makkah for Hajj, it is important to sincerely intend in your heart to perform the pilgrimage solely for the sake of Allah, seeking spiritual rewards in the hereafter rather than for display or material gain.

Step 2: Entering into Ihram

Get ready to enter Ihram, the state of ritual purity. Men should dress in the prescribed white cloth, while women can opt for any attire that complies with Hijab rules. Face coverings are not permitted, and closed footwear is prohibited; both men and women must wear sandals.

Step 3: Performing Tawaf 7 Times

Tawaf, an essential pilgrimage ritual, involves circumambulating the Kaaba counterclockwise. Each Tawaf comprises seven circuits, starting and ending at the Black Stone within the Kaaba. In addition to Tawaf, you have the option to perform voluntary prayers as an expression of gratitude to Allah for your safe arrival and to begin this deeply spiritual journey.

Step 4: Safa and Marwa

Once you finish Tawaf, you will move on to Sa’i, where you will walk and run between the hills of Safa and Marwa. Begin at Safa and walk towards Marwa, running between the designated green markers. Repeat this process for seven laps, alternating between the hills until the Sa’i is concluded.

Step 5: Trimming or Shaving Head Hair [Umrah Ends]

Upon completing Sa’i, men will shave or trim their hair, while women will trim their hair to fingertip length. This marks the completion of Umrah, allowing you to exit Ihram until the 8th of Dhul Hijjah.

Step 6: Resting and Praying

Following the conclusion of Umrah, you’ll stay in Makkah for the rest of this sacred month to begin your Hajj pilgrimage with fellow Muslims. Take time to rest and make the most of your time for sincere worship. Hajj commences on the 8th of Dhul Hijjah.

Step 7: Re-entering the State of Ihram

Undertaking Hajj fulfills a sacred obligation, offering a profoundly spiritual encounter with Allah’s blessings and forgiveness. The voyage commences on the 8th day of Dhul Hijjah, signifying a fresh stage in your spiritual journey as you cleanse yourself and enter Ihram once again.

Step 8: Reaching Mina

Upon arrival at Mina’s tent city, locate your assigned tent and offer Salah, performing Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib, ‘Isha, and Fajr prayers. Adjust the four-unit prayers to two units each, following the Quranic guidance. Spend the night engaged in prayer, Quranic recitation, and readiness for the upcoming day, focusing on spiritual contemplation and devotion.

Step 9: Day of Arafah

Following sunrise in Mina, you will journey to the plains of ‘Arafah, seeking forgiveness and offering supplications on the Day of ‘Arafah. Upon reaching ‘Arafah, pilgrims merge the shortened Dhuhr and Asr prayers. A sermon is delivered from Masjid al-Nimra, and it is advisable to listen if possible, with the potential for your group to provide an English translation.

Step 10: Arrival in Muzdalifah

Following sunset, depart from ‘Arafah to Muzdalifah, where you will combine Maghrib and ‘Isha prayers, shortening ‘Isha to two Rakat. Rest or engage in worship until shortly before Fajr. In Muzdalifah, gather pebbles for stoning the pillars over the next three days; these pebbles should be similar in size to date stones. Collect 49 pebbles, but it’s recommended to have 70 in case of any loss. You can also gather extra pebbles in Mina to ensure you have an adequate supply for the ritual.

Step 11: Rami and Hady

On the 10th of Dhul Hijjah, known as Yawm al-Nahr or the Day of Sacrifice, pilgrims observe significant rituals. After Fajr Salah, they depart from Muzdalifah to Mina, reciting the Talbiyah. Upon arrival, they perform the Hady and commence the ‘stoning of the satan’ ritual, which continues for three days. This day also marks the beginning of the Eid al-Adha festival, during which Muslims worldwide offer Qurbani.

  • Regarding the correct way to perform Rami:

Throughout the 10th, 11th, and 12th days of Dhul Hijjah, pilgrims engage in Rami, the stoning of the satan, using 49 pebbles, each of similar size to date stones or seeds. These pebbles are divided into four pouches: 7 for the 10th day and 21 for both the 11th and 12th days. At Jamarat, they begin by casting 7 pebbles at Jamarat al-Aqaba while reciting “Allāhu ‘Akbar” (Allah is The Greatest).

Step 12: Performing Qurbani and Eid Al-Adha

Eid al-Adha, known as the Festival of Sacrifice, is celebrated globally by Muslims who are not undertaking the pilgrimage on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah. Through the Qurbani ritual (sacrifice), Muslims honor the obedience of Prophet Ibrahim (AS) to Allah’s (SWT) command to sacrifice his son Isma’il (AS).

Step 13: Shaving the Head

Upon offering the Hady, it is preferable for men to shave their hair, following the tradition of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him). Women should trim their hair by the length of a fingertip. At this point, you may exit the state of Ihram, wear comfortable attire, and resume regular activities, with the exception of sexual intimacy. It is recommended to apply perfume, as Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) did, typically using a scent of musk.

Step 14 & 15: Tawaf al-Ifadha and Saai’

Following the completion of Rami, Qurbani, and shaving (or trimming) your head, you will move on to Makkah to perform Tawaf al-Ifadha and another Saai circuit, which are obligatory Hajj rituals. Once these rituals are finished, you can resume lawful activities, including marital relations. However, you will return to your tents in Mina to proceed with the remaining Hajj rituals.

Step 16: The Second Day of Stoning the Satin

On the 11th of Dhul Hijjah, you’ll engage in the second day of Rami, the stoning of the devil. This time, you will cast stones at each of the three pillars in sequence: Jamarah al-Ula (the small pillar), Jamarah al-Wusta (the middle pillar), and finally, Jamarah al-Aqaba (the large pillar). After stoning the first and second pillars, take a moment to make Du’a facing the qibla. Each pillar should receive seven consecutive pebbles while reciting the Takbir. Remember to carry spare pebbles in case they are needed!

Step 17: Spending Night in Mina

Following the completion of your second Rami, return to your Mina camp for the rest of the day and night, devoting this time to worship and making the most of its significance.

Step 18: The Third Day of Stoning the Satin

In the afternoon of the 12th of Dhul Hijjah, gather 21 pebbles and follow the same procedure as the previous day.

Step 19: Tawaf al-Wida

Before leaving Makkah, there’s one last essential step to conclude your Hajj: the farewell Tawaf. This Tawaf is obligatory according to most schools of thought and must be performed before exiting the boundaries of the Haram. It entails circling the Kaaba seven times, followed by two Rakat of Salah and drinking Zam Zam water. It’s crucial to remember that skipping this Tawaf without a valid reason is not permitted in Islam.


To those getting ready for Hajj 2024 or those already there, download the Hajj guide PDF by clicking below for easy access to information about Hajj and a step-by-step Hajj guide. We wish you all a safe and blessed journey.

Understanding the Essence of Qurbani: A Comprehensive Guide

Understanding the Essence of Qurbani A Comprehensive Guide

The Essence of Qurbani lies at the heart of Eid al-Adha’s sacred observances. Yet, it is crucial for Muslims undertaking this profound act of devotion to adhere steadfastly to the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH).

The Essence of Qurbani: A Systematic Approach to Performing Qurbani

Step 1: Intention (niyyah)

Prior to the sacrifice, it is essential to firmly establish one’s intention, either verbally or internally, aligning with Islamic doctrine. The supplication, “I have set my face…” serves as a profound declaration of dedication. Moreover, the utterance of “Bismillah – Allahu – Akbar” during the act of slaughtering is obligatory.

Step 2: Selection of a Halal Animal

The Essence of Qurbani emphasizes the importance of selecting an appropriate animal. It should come from healthy stock and be free of defects. While gender is not strictly specified, certain age criteria must be met:

  • Sheep and goats: One year
  • Cattle: At least 2 years
  • Camels: At least 5 years

Animals should be procured a few days prior to the sacrifice, ensuring proper care and nourishment.

Step 3: Timing of Qurbani

Qurbani occurs post the Eid al-Adha prayer, spanning the 10th to the 12th days of Dhul Hijjah, as per the tradition of the Prophet (PBUH).

Step 4: Methodology of Qurbani

The act of slaughtering must be executed swiftly and with minimal discomfort to the animal, adhering to the Prophet’s Sunnah. Key steps encompass:

  • Establishing intention
  • Ensuring the animal is well-fed, hydrated, and calm
  • Avoiding sharpening knives in the animal’s presence
  • Positioning the animal’s throat towards the Qiblah
  • Employing a sharp knife
  • Reciting Allah’s (SWT) name
  • Preferably performing the sacrifice personally

Step 5: Distribution of Meat

Following slaughter, the meat should be distributed accordingly:

  • A share for the owner
  • Portions for family and friends
  • Allocations for the needy and impoverished

Moreover, neither the meat nor the skin should be utilized as payment; rather, they should be presented as gifts.

Supporting Qurbani Donations

Albaraka Trust is dedicated to facilitating Qurbani donations for those in need, particularly Syrian refugee families. Your contributions enable thousands to partake in the joy of Eid, fostering a sense of community and solidarity.

Together, let’s extend a helping hand and ensure that no family feels isolated during this festive occasion. Your generosity embodies the spirit of Eid, bringing comfort and cheer to those less fortunate.

Join us in making a meaningful difference this Eid by sharing your Qurbani donations with those who need it most. Together, we can illuminate countless lives with the warmth of compassion and goodwill.

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The Essence of Sacrifice: Understanding Qurbani in Islam

The Essence of Sacrifice Understanding Qurbani in Islam

Understanding Qurbani In Islam

Understanding Qurbani In the Islamic faith, the concluding month of the lunar calendar, Dhul Hijjah, holds profound significance as a time of sanctity and devotion. Among its observances, two pivotal events stand out: Qurbani and Eid al-Adha, often referred to as ‘big Eid’ or ‘greater Eid’. These two occasions are closely linked, occurring consecutively within this sacred month.

Eid al-Adha mirrors Eid al-Fitr in its spirit of celebration, uniting families and friends in communal prayer, feasting, and gift-giving. Just as Eid al-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan, Eid al-Adha signifies the completion of another religious obligation Qurbani.

Understanding Qurbani involves tracing its origins back to the venerable Prophet Ibrahim (AS). According to tradition, Ibrahim (AS) received divine visions instructing him to sacrifice his son Ismail (AS) as a test of his devotion to Allah (SWT). Without hesitation, Ibrahim (AS) resolved to obey this command, preparing himself and his son for the solemn act.

Upon reaching Mount Arafat to perform the sacrifice, Ibrahim (AS) shared his vision with Ismail (AS), who willingly accepted the divine decree. As Ibrahim (AS) prepared to fulfill the command, Allah (SWT) intervened, substituting Ismail (AS) with a ram, thereby sparing the boy’s life. Understanding Qurbani, therefore, involves recognizing this divine act of mercy and obedience.

Muslims worldwide enact the practice of Qurbani on the 10th day of Dhul Hijjah, commemorating the steadfast faith of Ibrahim (AS) and Ismail (AS). Understanding Qurbani means recognizing that every eligible Muslim is obligated to partake in this ritual, adhering to specific guidelines:

  • Animals, whether sheep, goats, cows, buffalos, or camels, must meet age and health criteria to be eligible for sacrifice.
  • The act of slaughter must adhere to prescribed ritual and ethical standards, ensuring minimal suffering for the animal.

In instances where individuals are unable to perform Qurbani themselves, organizations like Albaraka Trust facilitate the process, allowing donors to contribute towards the sacrifice, which is then distributed to those in need. Understanding Qurbani includes appreciating the logistical and charitable efforts that enable this ritual to be carried out globally.

The significance of Qurbani transcends mere ritual; it symbolizes unwavering devotion and selflessness in service to Allah (SWT). Understanding Qurbani means recognizing it as a means of providing for the less fortunate, echoing the generosity exemplified by Prophet Ibrahim (AS) and his son.

In essence, understanding Qurbani involves acknowledging it as both an expression of faith and a gesture of compassion towards humanity. Through the charitable efforts of organizations like Albaraka Trust, the spirit of Qurbani continues to resonate, fostering unity and goodwill within the global Muslim community.

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Celebrating the Spirit of Eid al-Adha

Celebrating the Spirit of Eid al-Adha

Spirit of Eid al-Adha embodies the essence of the Festival of Sacrifice, a significant Islamic holiday observed by millions globally. This festive event carries deep religious and cultural significance, honoring Prophet Ibrahim’s obedience to God in his willingness to sacrifice his son. Explore the rituals, traditions, and common inquiries surrounding this profound celebration in this article.

The Importance of Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha is deeply rooted in Islamic faith, highlighting the powerful story of Prophet Ibrahim’s steadfast devotion to God. It serves as a reminder of the importance of faith, sacrifice, and community unity.

According to Islamic tradition, God commanded Prophet Ibrahim to sacrifice his beloved son, Ismail, as a test of his faith. Despite his profound love for his son, Ibrahim was prepared to fulfill God’s command. However, God intervened at the last moment, replacing Ismail with a ram, symbolizing ultimate faith and obedience.

Eid al-Adha underscores the values of sacrifice and obedience in Islam. Muslims reflect on Prophet Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son, signifying their own readiness to forgo worldly desires for the sake of God. It reminds them to prioritize their faith and submit to God’s will.

Preparing for Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha is a time for spiritual reflection, self-purification, and acts of generosity. Muslims engage in various preparations leading up to the festival, fostering a sense of community and compassion.

In the days preceding Eid al-Adha, Muslims engage in introspection, seeking forgiveness for their shortcomings and repenting for their sins. They spend time in prayer, recitation of the Quran, and voluntary charity to purify their hearts and souls.

Generosity and charity are fundamental aspects of Eid al-Adha. Muslims are encouraged to give back to their communities and help those in need. Many individuals and families contribute a portion of their wealth as Zakat al-Fitr before the Eid prayers. This donation enables the less fortunate to partake in the festivities.

Additionally, it is customary for Muslims to engage in acts of charity by providing food, clothing, and other essential items to those in need. This spirit of giving strengthens community bonds and promotes compassion and empathy, especially during the festive season.

The Rituals of Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha is marked by specific rituals that Muslims perform to honor Prophet Ibrahim’s sacrifice and demonstrate their devotion to God. These rituals are observed with reverence and unity within the Muslim community.

The Congregational Prayer: A central feature of Eid al-Adha is the congregational prayer, known as Salat al-Eid. Muslims gather in mosques, outdoor prayer grounds, or large communal spaces to offer this special prayer. The prayer is led by an imam and includes specific supplications and recitations, fostering a unifying moment of worship and seeking blessings from God.

Animal Sacrifice (Qurbani): Another significant ritual of Eid al-Adha is the sacrificial offering, known as Qurbani. Muslims who can afford it sacrifice an animal, typically a goat, sheep, cow, or camel, following Prophet Ibrahim’s example. The sacrifice represents the willingness to give up something valuable for God’s sake. The meat is divided into three parts: one for the person offering the sacrifice and their family, one for relatives and friends, and one for the less fortunate members of the community.

Sharing and Distributing the Sacrificial Meat: Muslims share the sacrificial meat with their loved ones, neighbors, and those in need. This act of sharing symbolizes unity, generosity, and the importance of community welfare. It is customary to prepare delicious meals and distribute the meat among family, friends, and neighbors, fostering camaraderie and togetherness.

Spirit of Eid al-Adha Traditions Around the World

Eid al-Adha is celebrated with enthusiasm and unique cultural traditions globally. While the festival’s essence remains the same, the customs and festivities vary.

Muslims decorate their homes with colorful lights, banners, and ornaments to create a festive atmosphere. Traditional clothing is popular, with individuals dressing in their finest attire. The vibrant colors and traditional garments add to the celebratory spirit.

Food plays a central role in Eid al-Adha celebrations. Families and communities prepare a wide array of delectable dishes. Traditional recipes and local specialties are shared and enjoyed during festive meals. It is common for families to exchange dishes and sweets as gestures of goodwill and love.

Eid al-Adha is a time for strengthening familial and social bonds. Muslims visit their relatives, friends, and neighbors, exchanging greetings and well-wishes. It is a time of joyous reunions, where people come together to celebrate, share meals, and engage in lively conversations.

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The Last 10 Days of Ramadan and the Night of Power

Last 10 Days Of Ramadan

As the holy month of Ramadan draws to a close, Muslims around the world enter into the spiritually charged period known as the last 10 days of Ramadan. This final stretch is imbued with significance, culminating in the holiest night of the Islamic calendar: Laylat al-Qadr, the Night of Power. In this blog, we delve into the profound significance of these last days and the transformative potential they hold for believers.

“We have indeed revealed this in the ‘Night of Power’. And what will explain to you what the night of power is? The Night of Power is better than a thousand months. Therein come down The Angels and the Spirit by Allah’s permission, on every errand. “Peace!…This until the rise of Morn!”

-Surah Al-Qadr

The Last Ten Nights of Ramadan

During these last 10 nights of Ramadan, additional rewards and blessings may be attainable. According to the Sunnah, these are the nights when the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) would increase his worship.

“The Prophet would exert himself in worship during the last ten nights more than at any other time of the year.” (Muslim)

Here we have reminders of the acts of worship to let you make the most of these special last ten nights of Ramadan 2024.

What Is the Night of Power?- Laylat-al-Qadr Meaning

The Night of Power is the most venerated night of the Islamic calendar. During this night, Angel Jibril revealed the Holy Qur’an’s first verses to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). This night falls within Ramadan’s final 10 days, and although the exact date is unidentified, it is commonly thought of as the Holy month’s 27th night. However, the believers are advised to seek this night in the last 10 odd nights of Ramadan, following the example of the Prophet (PBUH). It is reported that the Prophet (PBUH) said:

“Seek Laylat al-Qadr in the last ten days of Ramadan.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

This is a night of great reward and significance. On this blessed night, the believers are encouraged to devote themselves to the worship of Allah (SWT),Who has placed it higher in virtue than one thousand months.

When is Laylat-al-Qadr 2024?

The Night of Power occurs in Ramadan’s 10 final odd nights. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) advised the believers to:

“Seek Laylat al-Qadr in the odd-numbered nights of the last ten nights.” [Bukhari, 4/259]

However, it is traditionally thought to take place on the 27th night, based on some narrations. In 2024, the 27th of Ramadan might fall on 7 April, with a variation of a couple of days depending on moonsighting.

Duas for Laylat-al-Qadr

The best dua for Laylat-al-Qadr is the dua the Prophet (PBUH) taught Aisha (R.A.)She is reported to have asked the Prophet (PBUH), “O Messenger of Allah If I know which night is Laylat al-Qadr, what should I say?” He said:

“Say: اللَّهمَّإنَّكعفُوٌّتُحبُّالعفوَفاعْفُعنِّي

Allahummainnakaafuwwuntuhibb al-afwafa’fu anni

(O Allah, You are All-Forgiving, and You love forgiveness, so forgive me).”

laylatul Qadr 2024

Signs of Laylat-al-Qadr

Laylat-al-Qadr is a peaceful night, as mentioned in the Qur’an. According to an authentic report from the Prophet (PBUH), the sign of Laylat al-Qadr is that the sun rises on the following morning with no visible rays.

Zakat On Laylat-al-Qadr

In addition to praying for our loved ones, we pray for and remember the less fortunate.One way of remembering the blessings and expressing gratitudeis to give from one’s wealth. Giving Zakat, Zakat-al-Fitr, or Sadaqah is a significant factor in this, and, for many, Laylat-al-Qadr is seen as the perfect moment to make this donation. You can pay your Zakat via our donations page today and secure abundant rewardswith Allah (SWT).

Laylat-al-Qadr Donations with Albaraka Trust

Albaraka Trust has made it easy for you to ensure you do not miss the blessing of Laylat-al-Qadr. You can use our automated system to set up your donation to be spread across the Last Ten Nights.

This year, our automated donation platform, Nights of Power, allows you to split your Zakat and Sadaqah across the last ten nights – so you never miss giving on Laylat-al-Qadr again.


Giving Charity During The Last 10 Nights Of Ramadan

The last ten days of Ramadan are an opportunity to gain multiple rewards by giving sadaqa to those in need for the sake of seeking the pleasure of Allah.

The rewards of giving sadaqa during Ramadan are multiplied by 70 and the reward for any righteous act during Laylatul Qadr is equivalent to having performed the same act for over 83 years!

Islamic Relief can help ensure you never miss the reward of giving sadaqa during Laylatul Qadr by automating your donations. My Ten Nights is a tool that allows you to donate an amount of your choice, spread out over the last ten nights. Depending on where you live in the world, your donation will be made during the night, allowing you to focus on other acts of worship.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said “Sadaqa extinguishes sin as water extinguishes fire,” (Hadith, Tirmidhi). He also said that Allah offers relief on the Day of Judgement for those who give sadaqa: “The believer’s shade on the Day of Resurrection will be their charity,” (Hadith, Tirmidhi). Find out more about sadaqa here.

Give generously before Ramadan comes to an end and help us provide relief to those lives have been torn apart by war, famine and natural disaster. Show mercy to others so that Allah may show mercy to you.